What Do You Need to Teach in Recognized Nursery Schools?
Montessori education creates more positive cultures by working with the child’s natural propensities instead of working against them: “Follow the child” is the key Montessori slogan.
“The Montessori method” is an integral whole that depends critically on the combination of philosophy, principles, pedagogy, method, materials, environment, teacher training, and school certification.
Montessori, a teaching style developed by the Italian physician and teacher Dr. Maria Montessori, offers a different experience for both the student and the teacher when compared to a traditional education. Nevertheless, like traditional teachers, you must become certified from a reputed Montessori teacher training institute to be able to bill themselves as genuine Montessori professionals. Not counting an undergraduate education, the training for a Montessori teacher can involve a year of study followed by an additional supervised practicum to become fully certified teacher.
Montessori schools create more positive cultures by means of a deeply integrated pedagogical program that reduces the incidence of boredom and cruelty. To begin with, boredom and cruelty are related phenomena in conventional schools: if children are encouraged to take initiative to learn how to choose their learning year after year in a prepared environment, they find productive activity to be rewarding for its own sake and they have less need to express hostility towards others. In addition, in a Montessori environment, the Montessori guide spends a lot less time “teaching” in the sense of standing in front of the class and a lot more time interacting with children one-on-one and in small groups. In these daily interactions, the Montessori guide is continuously building relationship and coaching children on behavior and boundaries in a positive, loving manner. And, because the texture of the day is made up of personal relationships between student and teacher, rather than the impersonality of a distant authority, young people come to bond with, respect, and love their teachers in a manner that happens more rarely in a conventional setting.
Montessori education is fundamentally a model of human development, and an educational approach based on that model. The model has two basic principles. First, children and developing adults engage in psychological self-construction by means of interaction with their environments. Second, children, especially under the age of six, have an innate path of psychological development. Based on her observations, Montessori believed that children at liberty to decide and act freely within an environment prepared according to her model would act spontaneously for optimal development.
Montessori saw universal, innate characteristics in human psychology which her son and collaborator Mario Montessori recognized as “human tendencies” in 1957. There is some debate about the exact list, but the following are clearly identified:
- Manipulation (of the environment)
- Work (also described as “purposeful activity”)
In the Montessori approach, these human tendencies are seen as driving behavior in every stage of development, and education should respond to and facilitate their expression.
Montessori’s education method called for free activity within a “prepared environment”, meaning an educational environment tailored to basic human characteristics, to the specific characteristics of children at different ages, and to the individual personalities of each child. The purpose of the environment is to help and allow the child to develop independence in all areas according to his or her inner psychological directives. In addition to offering access to the Montessori materials appropriate to the age of the children, the environment should exhibit the following characteristics:
- An arrangement that facilitates movement and activity
- Beauty and harmony, cleanliness of environment
- Construction in proportion to the child and her/his needs
- Limitation of materials, so that only material that supports the child’s development is included
- Nature in the classroom and outside of the classroom
Now if you are talking about Pre Primary teaching method, here teachers may perform the following tasks:
- Arrange activities using a range of materials and equipment to develop good coordination, social skills, creativity, self-expression and an interest in learning
- Encourage language development and self-confidence through storytelling, drama, music and discussions
- Help to organize and participate in excursions to improve learning experiences
- Help children to question and explore the world in which they live
- Observe children to evaluate and record their progress and to detect signs of developmental disorder, ill health or emotional disturbance
- Recommend appropriate programs for further development
- Work with guidance officers, speech pathologists and psychologists to help children with special needs
- Help integrate children with special needs into mainstream classes
- Promote health and safety concepts and social interaction with other children
- Promote an awareness and appreciation of the multicultural society in which we live
- Attend to sick children and those in need of first aid
- Comfort children who are hurt or upset
- Assist children with their toileting and personal hygiene
- Discuss aspects of the child’s development with parents and other educators
- Talk with parents about the aims of the education program
- Take part in community activities and parent/staff committees
- Supervise and work with student teachers and trainee child care workers.
Pre Primary teachers are engaged in education and care services for children aged up to eight years by state education departments, independent schools or child care centers in metropolitan or remote areas, and Aboriginal communities. Self-employment opportunities exist as the proprietor of a private preschool or child care centre. Other opportunities may be available as home tutors.
Pre Primary teachers help young learners prepare for kindergarten through interactive play and games. Employment as a preschool teacher in a public school needs a bachelor’s degree. While, some child care centers take qualified teachers with a high school diploma and certification or an associate’s degree. Some employers require prior teaching experience as an assistant teacher.
What Does a Pre Primary school Teacher Do?
Pre Primary school teachers assist their students learn mainly through play and interactive activities, capitalizing on children’s play to promote language and vocabulary development. A Pre Primary school teacher may use storytelling and rhyming and acting games to improve social skills or introduce scientific and mathematical concepts. Most Pre Primary school settings take up a less structured approach, including small-group lessons, one-on-one instruction and learning through creative activities, such as music, art and dance. Lots of discussion and collaborative problem solving exemplify the Pre Primary school classroom.
Educational Requirements for Preschool Teachers
Education requirements to become a Pre Primary school teacher differ. Public schools need at least a bachelor’s degree; while an associate’s degree or high school diploma is acceptable for some child care centers. In many cases, Pre Primary school teachers start out as assistant teachers. With this experience, they may move ahead to being teachers and ultimately to lead teacher status. A preschool teacher needs to be skilled in helping children learn how to cooperate, providing fun learning activities suitable for Pre Primar, keeping children safe, working as a team member with other teachers and interacting with parents.
Pre Primary school teachers have to be eager participants in children’s growth and development, as well as helping students understand how to make use of their natural curiosity to help make the appropriate developmental leaps in their skills and abilities. They are expected to build an atmosphere where risks can be taken and discoveries made while children remain safe.
Coursework in a Pre Primary school teacher degree program may include:
- Child development
- Classroom management and behavior
- Curriculum methods
- Instructional design
- Instructional resources and technology
- Parent-child relations
Your Montessori or Primary Teacher Training curriculum lay emphasis on the developmental milestones in the areas of cognitive, linguistic, creative, social and physical development which goes a long way towards shaping a wholesome and healthy personality and gets the child prepared for the primary program. It is essential that you enjoy working with children and their parents. Teaching is a rewarding profession that can change lives. If you have that passion, then teaching young children is wonderful.
Finally this handy infographic from schools.com gives you an visual overview on how to become a elementary school teacher.